EEAC member councils: Work in progress in 2021

EEAC member councils are tasked to advise their governments and parliaments on issues related to climate change, the environment and sustainable development. On this page you will find work in progress by the EEAC member councils.

Belgium: Federal Council for Sustainable Development (FRDO-CFDD)

Economic Recovery Programme, a response: The Council has already published a first opinion on what stakeholders expect from the economic recovery programme of the federal government in response to Covid-19. A second opinion is in preparation.

Indicators for sustainable development: The Council recently organised a seminar on indicators, with a focus on the recent federal sustainable development report. The report is an element of the policy cycle that is part of the federal law on sustainable development.

Implementation of the SDGs: The Council recently organised a seminar in which the Belgian Court of Auditors presented the audit they made on the way the SDGs are implemented in Belgium. The theme will remain relevant for further work in the near future. What will happen depends on initiatives of the new federal government. The secretariat of the Council publishes at least twice a year a newsletter on the SDGs.

The European Green Deal: The European Green is an important focus of our work. We already publish a weekly briefing with Green Deal news. The Green Deal is already an important frame of reference in our opinions.

Just Transition: The Council is preparing an opinion on a ‘national conference of just transition’. The idea of such a national conference is also to be found in the programme of the new federal government.

Biodiversity: The Council is preparing a conference on biodiversity for the end of the year. An opinion is also in preparation, inspired by the new EU Biodiversity Strategy.

Natural resources and energy transition: The Council will organise a seminar on the issue of raw materials needed for the energy transition.

Financing the transition: The Council has organised a series of conferences on the issue of sustainable financing, with recently two conferences in September. For these conferences the Council worked together with the Commission, the EIB and the EEAC. Follow-up initiatives are in preparation.

Circular construction: A research paper on the issue of circular building and renovation is about to be published in the coming months. A conference is foreseen for November. The Council has organised stakeholder meetings to give extra feedback for the paper.

Mobility as a service: A seminar on ‘Maas’ (mobility as a service) will probably be organised in November.

New federal government: After a long political deadlock, Belgium has a new federal government. The secretariat of the Council will analyse the programme of the new government. In the coming weeks it will become clear what the plans of the new government mean for the activities of the Council.

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Catalonia: Advisory Council for the Sustainable Development of Catalonia (CADS)

The Coast line on the edge

In 2019, CADS approved a report on a sustainable approach to maritime management, in line with the 2030 Agenda and, in particular, to SDG 14.

The report was very focused on the marine field, but provided a specific recommendation on the coast, as a territory that is very sensitive to the effects of climate change, where many socio-economic interests are concentrated: “Analyse from the social ecology the effects of climate change (especially sea level rise) on human settlements and the economic model of coastal areas ”.

Following this recommendation, and after a very severe storm that affected Catalonia –and especially the Catalan coast- at the end of January 2020, the plenary of the council decided to start a reflection on the future of the coast.

A series of debates has been organized to address the reflection with experts and representatives of public administrations and economic and social actors linked to the coast. The contributions generated in these debates will serve as elements of analysis for the council to establish conclusions and promote recommendations for the future of the Catalan coast.

Strategic levers to accelerate the transition towards a circular economy in Catalonia

Current societies have based its economic growth on resource consumption that has caused strong impacts affecting the normal functioning of natural systems on a planetary scale. Experts, institutions and civil society have focus on circular economy to counter this situation.

In 2015, European Commission launched its Circular Economy Package and in 2020 adopted a new Circular Economy Action Plan in the framework of the European Green Deal. Successful experiences on eco-design, material recycling, waste prevention or industrial symbiosis are leading this transition. However, to change the whole operating system, circular economy must be scaled-up and connect companies, infrastructures, economy and lifestyles.

CADS aims to identify the levers that can trigger the systemic shift to decouple prosperity from resource depletion in Catalonia taking into account the global interlinkages and the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda.

For more information about this report, please contact Meritxell Rota (staff member):

The demographic challenges of Catalonia in the Medium and Long-term: Labour Market and Aging (In context of the Covid-19 pandemic)

This report will analyse two variables. First, the contribution of natural growth (mortality and births) and migratory movements in the labour market (16-67 years).  Second, it will analyse the expected aging.

In addition, CADS aims to analyse how COVID19 has affected demography: COVID 19 has led to a decrease in life expectancy due to a high mortality rate in elderly people. We will focus on births and migratory movements.

This report is an up-to-date of a previous CADS report from 2015. In that report, it was concluded that Catalonia has an increasingly smaller and older working age group. Recommendations to the Government included aspects such as boosting the birth rate, extending the retirement age, promoting the incorporation of women into the labour market, among others.

For more information about this report, please contact Fina Ambatlle (staff member):

Reflection on the strategic industry for the sustainable development of Catalonia

At its plenary session on 10/2/2020, the CADS approved the start of a reflection on the opportunities for generating economic value and skilled jobs based on research and the creation of its own technology in areas relevant to sustainable development.

Catalonia has traditionally had an important industrial sector, a talented and innovative business and professional fabric, and more recently a system of Universities and other solid research entities.

Despite the important industrial capacity of Catalonia, in recent years several elements have transformed its nature. Among these, we can mention the relocation processes that have taken place to varying degrees in all Western countries, the increase in the tourism and leisure sectors, and the rise of logistics and financial activities, among others. Likewise, some of the important industrial companies located in Catalonia have their decision-making centers abroad.

Under normal conditions, in a highly globalized world this fact should not be seen as a problem from an economic point of view, although it did present important questions regarding its sustainability and to its impact on the environment and climate change. However, the demand for health products and all kinds associated with COVID-19 has clearly highlighted the economic and strategic problems associated with the lack of supply of essential medical products.

The lack of own production of high-tech products (as well as those of first necessity) is a particularly worrying element, as these products offer possible solutions to new problems and also have a higher added value. Thus, they are the ones that, well used, can allow maintaining advanced and healthy societies at the same time as sustainable. The social and industrial transformations needed over the next few decades to deal with the climate emergency will require new products and new technologies.

The question to be answered with this reflection is whether the associated technology will be manufactured entirely abroad or at least a part will be made-in-Catalonia, and therefore will allow not only the adoption of appropriate practices but at the same time it will allow the creation of high value-added industries and jobs.

For more information about this report, please contact Arnau Queralt-Bassa (director):

The top priorities for Catalonia to achieve the SDGs. Annual Review 2021

In February 2020, CADS adopted the decision to launch, at the beginning of every year, a list of priorities for the sustainable development of Catalonia. These priorities will be addressed both to the government and to all the actors of Catalan society.

This list of priorities will be based on the annual evaluation of the SDG indicators for Catalonia, first published in September 2020 in accordance with Eurostat’s methodological criteria.

In the process of elaborating these priorities, the CADS will consult external experts and civil society organizations participating in the Catalonia 2030 Alliance.

For more information about this initiative, please contact Fina Ambatlle (staff member):

The Catalonia 2030 Alliance

The Parliament of Catalonia, in its Motion 20/XII on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, urges the Government to promote an alliance of public and private actors who, having signed the National Agreement for the 2030 Agenda in Catalonia, contribute to the location of the SDGs in Catalonia through specific commitments.

The Agreement, drawn up by a first core of civil society organizations and various administrations that have been leaders in the realization of the SDGs in Catalonia, was approved on 18 February 2020. It proposes a shared vision on how to contribute to progress in the achievement of the SDGs. In addition, it defines the role and commitment that must be acquired by the different social agents of Catalonia to create “a future that it does not leave anyone behind and does not exceed the carrying capacity of nature”, and “making Catalonia and the world a better place in 2030”.

The Alliance Catalonia 2030 is open to any organization that wants to join its efforts to achieve the SDGs, on a Catalan and global scale. To be part of it, they must have previously signed the National Agreement for the 2030 Agenda. At the time of signing, each organization must provide a list of the commitments it has made in relation to the 2030 Agenda. That is, actions that it will develop, as an organization, to contribute to the collective effort to achieve the SDGs.

Commitments can be aimed at training, awareness and communication; to generate internal changes in the signatory organizations; to encourage networking (local and international); to implement projects for sustainability, peace building, respect for human rights, the strengthening of democratic societies, or to promote research, innovation and development, among others.

On February 21, 2020, the National Agreement for the 2030 Agenda was opened for signature and the Catalonia 2030 Alliance was formally constituted, a great coalition of countries to share information, resources and good practices, as well as drive initiatives to accelerate the achievement of the SDGs.

The National Agreement for Economic Reactivation with Social Protection, signed by the Government and social agents in July 2020, creates a space within the Alliance for the evaluation, monitoring and revitalization of the initiatives adopted to advance in the achievement of the SDGs, and of the initiatives approved to guarantee the economic and social reactivation post COVID-19.

The CADS is commissioned by the Government to assist it in the revitalization of the Catalonia Alliance, as well as in the evaluation, monitoring and updating of the National Plan for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda.

For more information about this initiative, please contact Raquel Ballesteros (staff member):

EU Sustainable Development Goals Indicators for Catalonia 

With the aim of measuring progress towards the achievement of sustainable development goals in the European Union, in 2017 a set of EU SDGs was developed under the leadership of Eurostat.

These indicators are structured in the 17 goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda that provide a statistical perspective of sustainable development in the EU and its member states. The set of indicators focuses on relevant aspects from the perspective of the EU and encompasses the social, economic, environmental and institutional dimensions of sustainability that are represented by the 2030 Agenda.

To conduct the monitoring and evaluation of the degree of fulfilment of SDGs in Catalonia, the Annual Statistical Action Programmes for 2019 and 2020 incorporate in the official statistics the feasibility study and the development of a system of indicators, taking those of Eurostat as a reference. The aim is to disseminate, on a progressive and continuous basis, a system of annual indicators that provide statistics and metadata on sustainable development in Catalonia, in accordance with Eurostat’s methodological criteria.

CADS and the Statistical Institute of Catalonia are the bodies responsible for this statistical project, which is also supported by the other ministries of the Government of Catalonia.

For more information about this initiative, please contact Montse Tardy (staff member):

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Denmark: Danish Council on Climate Change

Green Transition of of heavy transport 

The purpose of the analysis is to create a strategic overview of technologies for the green conversion of heavy transport, including how Denmark can support this conversion in the most economically efficient way. The report will provide a technological-strategic analysis of the various options in heavy transport, as, unlike passenger cars, there is no clear dominant technology. The questions that the analysis will aim to answer are:

–          Which vehicle technologies can be used in the conversion of heavy transport towards 2050, and what technological and systemic advantages and disadvantages do the individual technologies have?

–          What development trends in framework conditions and investments are seen in surrounding countries and with relevant producers and actors?

–          What are the cost expectations for the different vehicle technologies in the short and long term, when can cost parity with conventional trucks be expected to be achieved, and what parameters are crucial in this consideration?

For more information about this report, please contact Pernille Øvre Christensen, project  leader, or +45 28 28 96 12

Agricultural and food analysis 

The agricultural sector is responsible for 25 percent of total emissions in 2018, corresponding to almost 11 million tons of CO2 equivalents.  The Danish CCC will look into possibilities of reducing emissions from this sector in a number of future analyses. The exact content of the first coming analysis will be decided by the Council, likely at its meeting in November.

For more information about this report, please contact Ulla Blatt Bendtsen, team lead, or +45 21 46 05 75

Annual Monitoring Report 

With the new Danish Climate law that entered into force in June 2020, the Danish Council on Climate Change (DCCC) is mandated to provide recommendations to the minister on climate, energy and utilities on the government’s climate efforts, taking into account a number of guiding principles such as cost-effectiveness, sustainable development of the Danish business sector, competitiveness, public budgets and employment. The DCCC shall assess whether the governments climate efforts and annual climate plan illustrates that the Danish climate goals can be met. The DCCC shall also provide a status on Denmark’s international climate and energy obligations and comment on Denmark’s global climate strategy. Finally, the annual monitoring report shall provide a catalogue of possible measures to reach the Danish climate goals.

For more information about this report, please contact Kasper Lou, team lead, or 45 93 92 96 44


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Finland: Expert Panel for Sustainable Development

The Finnish expert Panel on Sustainable Development has applied the framework proposed by Global Sustainable Development Report (2019) and published a toolkit “Six paths towards sustainability” for the transformation in Finland.

This work will continue in several ways:

A series of workshops in the fall 2020 and early 2021 will be organized together with the researchers making groundbreaking research on transformations in urban systems, food and nutrition and energy systems. The results will produce pathways to transformation in each of the system and in particular connections between them,  and strengthen the mutual collaboration with the panel and the broader scientific community in Finland and provide insights for decision-making for example in the design of the roadmap towards Agenda2030.

Two scientific publications on the six pathways. Panel has also prepared a book chapter “From efficiency to resilience”: systemic change through six transformations after COVID2019. Panel will inform once the chapter is available. Panel is working on a scientific paper on the same topic.

For more information about these activities, please contact Katriina Soini, co-ordinator, or +358 29 532 6550, Eeva Furman, chair of the Panel,  +358 29 5251123

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Flanders: Minaraad

The Minaraad has identified the following thematic areas of interest (council decision to be awaited)

Climate policy: LULUCF in Flanders
Agricultural policy: rural development policies in the next agricultural strategy
Biodiversity policy: species protection policy questions
Circular Economy: industrial transition (twin project with the previous)
Circular Economy: opinion on the draft prevention programme on construction activities
Energy Policies: industrial transition (twin project with the next)
Energy Policies: spatial allocation and governance of renewable energy
Fresh water policy: towards more green-blue infrastructure
Fresh water: opinion on the draft RBMP towards 2027.
Regulation policy: evaluation of the environmental permit

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France: National Council for Ecological Transition (CNTE)

Annual agenda 2021 to be decided upon

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Germany: The German Council for Sustainable Development (RNE)

In March 2020, the German Council for Sustainable Development (RNE) set up six thematic working groups on major cross-cutting issues, which will inform the work of the current Council until 2023:

–          Fundamental Issues of Sustainability Policy

–          European Politics and International Collaboration

–          Sustainable Livelihood Support

–          Sustainable Business Practices

–          Climate Protection and Decarbonization

–          Sustainable Food Systems

The implementation measures and projects, which are organized by the office of RNE, are assigned to the thematic priorities of the working groups. Among other things, results of its ongoing work include the Sustainability Code; the Germany-wide networking of players from all areas of society through Regional Hubs for Sustainability Strategies (RENN); the Sustainability Culture Fund; strategy dialogue with city mayors on sustainable urban development; as well as the Global Forum for National SDG Advisory Bodies and the Peer Review.

For more information about the German Council for Sustainable Development, please contact Dr Marc-Oliver Pahl, Secretary General,, +49 30 338424-122; or Dr Hannah Janetschek, Coordinator European and International Affairs,, +49 30 338424-124.

more information
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Germany German Advisory Council on Environment (SRU)

Expansion of onshore wind energy – analysis and proposed solutions

The German government has agreed to increase the share of renewable energies in the electricity mix to 65 per cent by 2030. At European level, the European Green Deal has also put the goal of climate neutrality by 2050 on the agenda. For this reason, the targets will also have to be discussed again in Germany in the foreseeable future.

At national level, it is necessary to significantly accelerate the expansion of wind energy onshore. The expansion of onshore wind energy in 2017 was still at 4,891 MW. It slumped sharply in 2019, when the total number of installations reached only 325 gross installations, with 1078 MW gross and 886 MW net. This was the lowest value in the last 20 years with the exception of 2008.

Various causes are being discussed for the difficult expansion of wind energy onshore: These include insufficient land availability, long planning and approval procedures and conflicts with species protection. Another difficulty is the fact that the installations are not evenly distributed among the Länder. There are also many lawsuits against wind turbines by competitors, environmental associations and residents. In the planned report, the SRU will examine these and other obstacles to the expansion of wind energy onshore and discuss proposed solutions.

Human health and the Environment

Environmental degradation has various impacts on human health. Well described are health effects caused by air pollution or environmental noise. Other environmental health risks such as antibiotics usage in animal husbandry and the spread of antibiotic resistance gain less attention. Agriculture, transport and other policies lack a linkage to human health protection. Vice versa, the importance of environmental health services is not given sufficient consideration. For example, green infrastructure can have positive effects on microclimate and therefore reduce heat stress. Accordingly, a number of sectoral policies must take on more responsibility to safeguard human health and the environment. To this end, new concepts are required. One possibility might be the Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach.


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Germany: German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU)

Annual agenda 2021 to be decided upon

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Hungary: National Council for Sustainable Development (NFFT)

The NFFT has identified the following thematic areas of interest:

Agenda 2030: Preparation of the 4. progress report about the National Sustainable Development Strategy (covering the years 2019 and 2020)
Agriculture, food and soil: Sustainable agriculture – “Farm to Fork Strategy” in Hungary
Built back Better: Possibilities for a sustainable recovery after the Pandemic
Implementing EU Policies: Implementation of the EU Recovery and Resilience Plans program (NextGenerationEU)
Sustainable built environment:  possibilities of decarbonisation of the construction sector
Sustainable Finance: Economic instruments to enhance Sustainable Development

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Hungary: National Council on the Environment (OKT)

The OKT has identified the following thematic areas of interest:

Agriculture and food: Opinion on the national agricultural and food production plan of Hungary in the context of CAP
Biodiversity: National biodiversity plan ex-post evaluation and planning of the next plan
Circular Economy: Possibilities and instruments to enhance a circular economy
Energy and Climate Change: Opinion national clean energy plan
Fresh water: ex-post evaluation of the previous RBMPs and formulating an opinion on the next and final RBMP towards 2027.
Sustainable Finance: Financing the Green Deal and Green recovery
Transport and mobility: Opinion on the Hungarian Transport Programme

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Ireland: National Economic and Social Council (NESC)

Land Use, Land Value and Urban Development

Prior to the Covid-19 crisis Ireland faced significant challenges in the housing sector including insufficient housing output, acute affordability pressures in the private rental sector and high unmet need for social housing. It is over two years since the Council set out its analysis of Ireland’s system of urban development, land management and housing provision. That research concluded that the system was dysfunctional and that a suite of actions were required to fix it.  The Council’s consistent and long-standing position on housing and land-use policy is that Ireland must bring about a fundamental change in its system of urban development, land management and housing provision. Ireland must evolve from a speculative and highly cyclical system to a permanently affordable, stable and more sustainable system of housing.

Pursuing that objective, NESC’s current research, resulting in report No.150 Housing Policy: Actions to Deliver Change, is concerned with two-related issues. First, bridging the supply gap by actively managing land and locational value for public good; and second, bridging the affordability gap by engineering-in permanent affordability. Separately, the Council has recommended the adoption of a more sustainable form of urban development (transport-orientated development) on foot of a significant, recent research study.

For more information, please contact: Dr. Cathal FitzGerald

Welfare and Employment

There have been profound societal changes since the establishment of the social welfare system in Ireland, and changes to the social welfare system, by and large, reflect these changes.  This project considers anticipated future changes and discusses possibilities for the future direction of the Irish social welfare system.  The project makes reference to previous work on the Developmental Welfare State (2005) and Moving from Welfare to Work: Low work intensity households and the quality of supportive services (2018), with a focus on people of working age.  Specifically, the project has considered:

·         Social insurance and the changing nature of work – background papers advocate for retention of the social insurance system but ask questions in relation to the balance between contributions paid in to the social insurance system and the benefits received.  Reference is made to recent changes in policy and practice, along with the role of social dialogue and collective representation.

·         Gender, class and family – analysis assesses how family forms are changing, the implications for greater female participation in the labour force, and ongoing challenges of balancing work and family commitments for the social welfare system.

·         A more integrated welfare system – background papers look at social insurance and social assistance trends and review if, and how, the social welfare system could become more integrated.  Also relevant to this discussion is the broader context of universal payments, tax credits and the role of services.

·         Income, wealth and redistribution – the project considers why market income inequality is so high in Ireland and discusses a review of tax expenditures and giving greater attention to capital taxes.  The importance of education and skills acquisition in addressing inequality is emphasised.

The draft working papers and proposals have been considered by a Working Group whose terms of reference are: (a) to consider the main messages from the draft working papers discussed by the Council to date; and (b) to put forward proposals for the future of the social welfare system, and for social insurance, in particular.

The final report, The Future of the Irish Social Welfare System: Participation and Protection, has been discussed by the NESC Council, with an epilogue on the implications of recent changes to the social welfare system due to Covid-19.

Sustainable Development and Climate Action

A forthcoming Statement from the Council Grounding the Recovery in Sustainable Development outlines the importance of grounding the recovery in sustainable development. This can and should be considered alongside the Council’s other work on economic and social issues and that of the Secretariat on the Covid-19 crisis. It argues that internationally, and in Ireland, there is evidence that this may be a moment to re-set in terms of ambition and action to reduce emissions and biodiversity loss. The Statement sets out the contribution that NESC can make to help the Irish policy system to embrace this opportunity.

NESC is working on a number of key areas, identified in the Statement. These include:

·         Framing and driving policy action, including work on climate policy and just transition. NESC has recently hosted the EEAC Annual Conference in October 2020.

·         Projects focused on strengthening sustainability and resilience in cities and communities; and

·         Green investment and conditionality.

Good Jobs and Transition

The Council has produced a significant report on the impact on employment of the transition associated with climate change and digital automation. One finding was the importance of quality work and good jobs as critical in tackling vulnerability for sectors, firms, and workers. A subsequent piece of NESC research showed how Covid-19 brought new vulnerabilities to light and re-emphasised some pre-existing ones. It has forced a reappraisal of what are often termed ‘good jobs’ and how work is valued. NESC continues to research these issues including as part of the Shared Island process, with consideration given to the nature and extent of jobs with poor conditions, labour mobility, sectoral issues, and skills/vacancy issues.

Digital Inclusion

Society is changing profoundly as a result of Covid-19, and information and communications technology (ICT) is playing a critical role. ICT is helping our society function effectively with less proximate contact, whether it is in terms of remote working, learning or recreational activity.  This has brought to the fore some long-standing issues in relation to the ability of different parts of society, business and government to engage with the digital future. Prior to Covid-19 there is evidence that divides in access to ICT existed, and pandemic has in some respects magnified the divides. These divides include:

·         geographic access, with 92 per cent of households having a fixed broadband connection in Dublin in 2019, compared to 69 per cent of households in the Midlands;

·         affordability, with lower income groups more likely to rely on mobile digital connections only, and less likely to have a range of devices to maximise their engagement with the digital world;

·         skills, with older people and those from lower income groups less digitally skilled than others; and

·         perceived need to engage with the internet/ attitude towards the internet, with many older and less skilled groups seeing less need to engage with the digital world.

These divides are evident among individuals and households, among businesses and the farming community, and within public services.  They mean that groups in Irish society and the economy are not able to fully engage with the digital present and future.  These issues are of concern given the importance of technological and digital breakthroughs for the future of economy and society.

This NESC project on digital inclusion will outline the extent of variations in access to ICT internationally and in Ireland, the reasons for this, the policies put in place to address the variation in Ireland, and their success to date.  It will then look at innovative actions put in place internationally and in Ireland to address these variations; and the extent to which they could be adopted more broadly in Ireland.

A second stage of the project will consider how public services are designed to ensure that users can all engage with them.

The material gathered will be available to feed into the new National Digital Strategy, and its implementation; and into the 10-year strategy for adult literacy, numeracy, and digital skills currently being developed.  A report to Council will be finalised in Spring 2021.

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Ireland: The Climate Change Advisory Council (CCAC)

The CCAC has identified the following thematic areas of interest:

Climate Change: Carbon budgeting
Climate Change: Assessment of Mitigation and Adaptation in Heat Sector
Climate Change: Economics of hydrogen
Climate Change: Transport
Climate Change: Agriculture
Climate Change: Adaptation

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Luxembourg: National Council for Sustainable Development (CSDD)

Luxembourg’s ecological footprint

On Earth Overshoot Day on Saturday, August 22, 2020, Luxembourg‘s Council for Sustainable Development (Conseil supérieur pour un développement durable – CSDD) presented the latest figures on Luxembourg‘s ecological footprint. In order to sustainably cover our consumption of resources, as calculated for Luxembourg, humanity would currently need eight earths.

How do these eight planets come about? What needs to be taken into account when considering the specific situation of Luxembourg? What courses of action result from this?

The report elaborated by the institute IBLA “Institut fir biologësch Landwirtschaft an Agrarkultur Luxemburg” already provides some basic approaches to solving this problem. Furthermore, in the coming months, the CSDD wants to analyse the ecological footprint of Luxembourg in a joint process with the key players in Luxembourg society, to identify real potential for savings and possible alternative courses of action, and to discuss the political decisions necessary to reduce Luxembourg‘s ecological footprint together and to make our country more sustainable accordingly.

Principles for circular economy

7 principles were developed by an advisory group through a multi-stakeholder co-working prozess steered by the Conseil Supérieur pour un Développement Durable.These principles will be presented to the Government in a meeting end of November with the objective of an integration in the national strategy on circular economy.

Sustainable Finance  

In 2019, CSDD presented to ministers a report on “Sustainable, Responsible and Impact Investing Capability of Luxembourg Banks” as contribution to Luxembourg’s Sustainable Finance Roadmap and by providing additional perspective, sharing considerations as well as recommendations on the progress to date.

As transparency and credibility are core elements in implementing the aforementioned Sustainable Finance Roadmap, the CSDD commissioned a research aiming at assessing the current offering of sustainable finance options in Luxembourg in relation to the strategic objectives and positioning of the financial sector’s efforts.

This research report explores the landscape of sustainable finance offerings for Luxembourg residents by evaluating the availability, accessibility and maturity of the sustainable investing capabilities of retail and private banks. CSDD wants to continue the work on sustainable finance by reflecting and analyzing the potential of public investments funds.


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Nederland: Council on the Environment and Infrastructure (Rli)

Prospects for farmers: Farmers’ current revenue models are often incompatible with achieving sustainable agriculture. What do we need from the various links in the value chain in order to offer economic prospects to farmers? Click here for more information. The accessibility challenge: Policy choices regarding accessibility are linked increasingly strongly with other challenges in the living environment. At the request of the House of Representatives, the Council for the Environment and Infrastructure (Rli) will advise on this matter. Click here for more information.

Managing scarce space: The Netherlands is facing substantial challenges in spatial planning, such as housing, the energy transition and a more sustainable agriculture. Do the new national frameworks for the environment (Omgevingswet, Omgevingsvisie) provide sufficient guidance for taking on these challenges? Click here for more information.

Nuclear Energy: Nuclear energy is taking centre stage as one of the options within the energy transition. However, conducting a proper debate about the usefulness and necessity of nuclear energy proves difficult in practice. The Council has been asked for an advisory report. Click here for more information.

National Growth Fund: How can the economic growth leap envisaged by the Dutch National Growth Fund be optimally linked to the transitions in the physical environment? Click here for more information

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Romania: National Council for Sustainable Development

To be updated soon

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Portugal: National Council on Environment and Sustainable Development (CNADS)

The CNADS has identified the following thematic areas of interest:

Agenda2030: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – UN Agenda 2030
Biodiversity: with a focus on the national protected areas management;
Built back Better: (post-Covid phase);
Climate and Energy: National energy and climate plans (NECPs);
Climate and Energy: The EU Climate Law
EU policies: European Green Deal;
EU policies: Portugal’s Presidency of the Council of the European Union from January to June 2021.
EU policies: Recovery and Resilience Plan;
Governance: Access to information and public participation to enhance environmental policies and sustainable development;
Transport and mobility

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