EEAC member councils: Latest publications

EEAC member councils are tasked to advise their governments and parliaments on issues related to the environment and sustainable development. On this page you will find the latest publications by EEAC member councils

Carbon rich peat soils: Proposal for a new model for effective regulation and rewetting

The open land in Denmark is dominated by agricultural production. More than half – roughly 60 percent of the landscape – is cultivated, which leads to annual greenhouse gas emissions of around 9 million tons CO2- equivalents (hereafter CO2e). But there are large differences across Danish agricultural soils and their effect on the climate. The majority consists of mineral soils with low carbon contents, which do not emit very much CO2 when cultivated. Just under 7 percent of the cultivated area consists of carbon rich peat soils. Peat soils are originally formed in wetlands like bogs and wet meadows and have a high content of carbon from old plant residues. When peat soils are oxygenated by drainage and plowing, the carbon rots and emits gases, primarily as CO2. In principle, this corresponds to the burning of fossil fuels although it happens more slowly. Hence, draining of peat soils contributes to increasing the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases thereby intensifying global warming.
Carbon rich peat soils: Proposal for a new model for effective regulation and rewetting
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A chaning sea

The objective of this report issued by the Advisory Council for Sustainable Development of Catalonia (CADS) is to build on actions taken by the Government of Catalonia with a view to ensuring their contribution to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14 of the 2030 Agenda (on the marine environment) and their medium- to long-term transformative potential, in accordance with the magnitude of the challenges and, especially, the opportunities related to the so-called “blue economy”. The report also aims to develop the Government of Catalonia’s leadership in the promotion of the Integrated Maritime Policy (IMP) in Catalonia and contribute to compliance with the EU's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), which has set 2020 as the deadline to achieve Good Environmental Status of EU marine waters. The recommendations included in this CADS report are geared towards making progress in the sustainable management of the marine and coastal environment, making the conservation of the marine environment compatible with the socio-economic activity that takes place in it or directly affects it, in line with the United Nations 2030 Agenda.
A chaning sea
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Housing Policy: Actions to Deliver Change

the National Economic and Social Council restates in its latest publication their long-standing position on housing and land-use policy: Ireland must bring about a fundamental change in its system of urban development, land management and housing provision. It must evolve from a speculative and highly cyclical system to a permanently affordable, stable and more sustainable system of housing. Pursuing that objective, this report is concerned with two related issues: first, bridging the supply gap by actively managing land and locational value for public good; second, bridging the affordability gap by engineering-in permanent affordability. This report details the steps necessary to bridge these two gaps by way of institutional adjustments, more effective use of existing policy instruments, and innovation to enhance the policy options available to the State. Overall, this report builds on the Council’s previous work in this critical area, moving from the recognition that direct public-policy influence is needed, to making specific recommendations for bold action to improve housing supply, urban development and affordability. The willingness to intervene displayed in the pandemic response and the urgency afforded to the issue in the Programme for Government should embolden policy-makers to act on these recommendations.
Housing Policy: Actions to Deliver Change
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Rethinking Land in the Anthropocene: from Separation to Integration

Only if there is a fundamental change in the way we manage land can we reach the targets of climate-change mitigation, avert the dramatic loss of biodiversity and make the global food system sustainable. The WBGU proposes five multiple-benefit strategies illustrating ways of overcoming competition between rival claims to the use of land. These should be promoted by five governance strategies, especially by setting suitable framework conditions, reorienting EU policy and establishing alliances of like-minded states.
Rethinking Land in the Anthropocene: from Separation to Integration
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Access to the city: How public amenities, housing and transport are key for citizens

More and more people want to live in cities because of the concentration of work, education and care. However, the possibilities for people to participate in urban society in the Netherlands are diminishing because access to housing, transport and public amenities has declined for many of them, the Dutch Council on the Environment and Infrastructure (Rli) concluded in their latest report. To guarantee access to the city for everyone, it is essential to investigate constantly whether sufficient consideration is being given to the opportunities individuals have and the impediments they face. Changes in policies and government investments are needed. The Rli recommends a number of specific changes, ranging from A) Assessing the impact of policy for the living environment on access to urban society, to B) Creating room for civil initiatives that improve access, and C) Improve access to public amenities, housing and transport.
Access to the city: How public amenities, housing and transport are key for citizens
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Laying the financial foundations for a sustainable recovery from the corona virus crisis in the EU

In its position paper the German Council for Sustainable Development (RNE) declared that the package of measures put forward by the European Council in July, with its 30% climate target and the financial assistance for those states and sectors hit especially hard by the corona virus crisis, contains many elements worthy of support. The RNE thus welcomes the proposal from heads of state and government as a sound basis for discussion. However, in the course of negotiations with the member states in the European Parliament further, improvements must be achieved. In its position paper , the RNE recommends, among other things, that A) the guiding compass to follow be that of sustainability, in particular the landmark announcements from Commission President Ursula von der Leyen regarding the European Green Deal and climate protection. As well as that B) the New Generation EU recovery fund be implemented swiftly, and; C) that the currently insufficient allocation of monies to international cooperation within the multiannual financial framework (MFF) be increased. The RNE further welcomes the EU summit supporting the allocation of additional EU funds for sustainability-related topics, such as for expanding EU emissions trading. Own monies for non-recycled plastic waste as well as a digital tax and a carbon border tax are planned. These funds can, however, only be allocated if all members states give their approval
Laying the financial foundations for a sustainable recovery from the corona virus crisis in the EU
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Annual Review 2020

As set out in the Climate Action and Low Carbon Development Act 2015, a key task of the Climate Change Advisory Council in Ireland is to conduct an annual review of progress made over the previous year in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and furthering the transition to a low-carbon, climate-resilient and sustainable economy and society by 2050. This is the Climate Change Advisory Council’s fourth Annual Review of progress on transition.
Annual Review 2020
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Using the CO2 budget to meet the Paris climate targets

How much CO2 can Germany still emit if it is to make its fair contribution to compliance with the Paris Agreement? In this chapter of the Environmental Report 2020, the German Advisory Council on the Environment (SRU) exemplifies how the temperature goals of the Paris Agreement can be translated into a national CO2 budget that can serve as a yardstick for future national climate policy.
Using the CO2 budget to meet the Paris climate targets
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Guidelines to a sustainable future

The NFFT’s newest publication divides the 34 strategic objectives and the assigned 77 tasks of the National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development into 12 thematic groups and highlights the links between the Hungarian and international sustainable development goals (SDGs). These groups were designed to arrange the strategic objectives of the National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development into clear and readily comprehensible themes (e.g. quality education). The 12 points of national sustainability are meant to serve as a summary of equivalent worth of the strategic objectives and tasks highlighting the most important data and messages. The presentation of the Framework Strategy in 12 points could be useful for those who would like to obtain a deeper understanding of the various dimensions of sustainability and become active participants of the sustainability transition in their own profession, work (business sector, education or local governments) or in their everyday lives.
Guidelines to a sustainable future
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Towards an ambitious environmental policy in Germany and Europe

Against the background of the Corona pandemic, climate change and biodiversity loss are currently receiving less attention. However, the long-term threat to the natural foundations of life persists. With this Environmental Report, the SRU is addressing environmental policy topics which require urgent action. The current crisis has revealed that our lives and economic activities are vulnerable to a previously unsuspected degree. As different as the two crises are, one thing they have in common is that they can only be overcome through collective and decisive action. The resuscitation of the economy which is now required should be used to find new ways of doing things. In Germany as well as in the EU, it is important that the political system proves it is capable of taking action in response to the enormous ecological and economic challenges. The report focuses on the following themes: climate policy, the circular economy, water protection, sustainable neighbourhood development, noise regulation,, urban mobility and the future of EU environmental policy.
Towards an ambitious environmental policy in Germany and Europe
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Six paths towards sustainability: a toolkit to promote a systemic transformation towards sustainable development in Finland

The Global Sustainable Development Report shows that we are heading towards the sustainable development goals of Agenda 2030, but much too slowly. Inequality is increasing, climate change is advancing, biodiversity is decreasing, and waste volumes are growing. These phenomena are affected by several interconnected factors. However, we can change course if we identify the interlinkages between the aforementioned problems and steer our societies comprehensively in a more sustainable direction. The Finnish Expert Panel on Sustainable Development has now published recommendations that focus more closely on what these interlinkages mean in the Finnish context and what actions need to be taken.
Six paths towards sustainability: a toolkit to promote a systemic transformation towards sustainable development in Finland
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